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欧盟“地平线2020计划”项目——生物燃料
来源: 时间:2015-10-16 10:57:29作者: 点击数:
  

  新能源中的生物燃料在欧盟“地平线2020计划”项目占有一定的比例,以下有三个项目可以参与:

  1、下一代生物燃料技术的研发

  该项目在于改进目前生物燃料技术在转换效率、多元化生产与生物质原料多元化方面的缺陷来发展新一代可持续生物燃料技术,2016年的目标主要为利用化学或生物化学的方法利用糖来生产烷烃生物燃料;利用现有的生物柴油或炼油厂进行热解或合成来生产生物燃料;利用生物质的热解来生成生物燃料或碳水化合物。

  TOPIC : Development of next generation biofuel technologies

  New sustainable biofuels technologies need to be developed that improve performance, notably with regards to the following sub-challenges:

  a.improving the technology competitiveness by upgrading the conversion efficiency and possibly diversifying the technology;

  b.improving the feedstock supply by reducing the supply costs and possibly diversifying the biomass feedstock.

  In particular, proposals shall address one of the following:

  In 2016:

  •Paraffinic biofuels (e.g. diesel and jet fuel) from sugars through chemical and biochemical pathways or through a combination of these pathways;

  •Biofuels from pyrolysis or hydrothermal liquefaction and process integration with existing biodiesel or oil refineries;

  •Synthetic biofuels/hydrocarbons through biomass gasification.

  http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/2182-lce-08-2016-2017.html

  2、最有前途的先进生物燃料生产途径的解析

  该项目至关重要的是在多元化的技术组合和原料的基础上,推进具有竞争力的先进生物燃料的产品应用于交通车辆;改进新型先进的液体生物燃料产品的技术和经济可行性;解析特别适合运输能源的原料的可行性。

  TOPIC : Demonstration of the most promising advanced biofuel pathways

  It is essential to diversify the technology portfolio and feedstock basis to allow competitive production of advanced biofuels for use in transport.

  The following sub-challenges should be addressed:

  a.improving the technical and economic feasibility of the production of new and advanced liquid biofuels;

  b.demonstrating the feasibility of using feedstock particularly suitable for transport energy purposes.

  In 2016:

  •Biomass gasification to synthesis gas;

  •Biomass pyrolysis and torrefaction to intermediate bioenergy carriers (pyrolysis oils and torrefied biomass);

  •Biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass sugars to hydrocarbons for diesel and jet engines;

  http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/2152-lce-19-2016-2017.html

  3、在先进纤维素生物燃料方面与巴西进行国际合作

  TOPIC : International Cooperation with Brazil on advanced lignocellulosic biofuels

  http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/2150-lce-22-2016.html

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